05. Headings

Directions: Headings and directions are measured in degrees starting with North at 0 degress and progessing clockwise back to 360 degress. When flying, pilots use a heading indicator to determine which direction they are heading. They also use an attitude indicator to determine the angle, or attitude, of their aircraft. In this unit you will experience the take off and landing of a Cessna C1723 aircraft while also learning how to read a heading indicator and an attitude indicator.

  1. Open and review the inside components of an airplane.
  2. For this flight training scenerio you will be flying the Cessna C1723 Skyhawk which has a top speed of 110 Knots.
  3. You will take off and land at Fairchild International Airport in Port Angeles, WA in two opposite directions.
  4. Use a piece of scratch paper and your knowledge of headings to determine which direction you will be heading if you take off in a westerly direction from the airport. This will be a number. Hint, see picture below. Airports usually have headings painted on their runways.
  5. Next, you will need to determine which direction you will be heading if you land at the aiport in the opposite direction. Record this number on your scratch paper as well.
  6. Present your solution and request permission to make the flight.
  7. Fly the scenerio.
  8. Utilize the heading and attitude indicators to maintain your flight. The heading indicator will indicate your direction of travel. The attitude indicator will indicate the angle of your aircraft in relationship to the earth.
  9. In your flight journal describe what you learned flying this scenario. Include what plane you flew, how long it took you to complete the flight, and what you saw and learned from the flight. Describe the purpose of a heading indcator and an attitude indicator.